32 [T] Trip wire

It is a feature of DirectIP camera. User defines a line in the scene, where the line is being monitored to detect an object crossing the line one way or the other way or both. It can be used to trigger an event condition.

31 [T] Trip zone

It is a feature of DIP camera. User defines an area in the scene, where the area is being monitored to detect an object that crosses the zone inward or outward. It can be used to trigger an event condition.

30 [A] Alarm in/out

There are two different alarm inputs on NVR: camera alarm in, and NVR alarm in. They all work as if they are all on the NVR. This is very useful, because in most cases, alarm sensors or actuators are closer to the camera. All these camera alarm IOs are managed as if they are on the NVR, and you don't have to run the wires all the way to the back of the NVR.

29 [S] System event

Most events are generated by external sensors, such as VMD(Video Motion Detection), Video Loss, etc. System events are generated by the NVR, which are related to critical system status such as HDD condition. These events can be used to send out a specified notification to a specific operator. For example, when the HDD starts to detect bad sectors, you can have your NVR to send out an email notification so that you can take the cautionary action to save the data before the HDD fails completely.

28 [S] Summary email notification

A feature of NVR, NVR monitors its cameras or alarm status over a specified intervals, and if some conditions are met, it summaries these status information, and sends out an email notification. It is useful to avoid receiving too many emails in your inbox, while keeping the peace of your mind knowing that the NVRs are hard at work.

27 [N] Notification

Sometimes called callback. It is a feature of NVR that the NVR notifies the operator for a pre-programmed conditions. There are many different notification methods: callback to iRAS, push notification to smart phone remote applications, or email notifications.

26 [R] Remote application

Remote application used to connect to NVR for watching live video or playing recorded video. There are many different Remote apps running on different platforms, such as Windows PC, Mac OS X(??), iOS or Android devices. Features maybe different from one another.

25 [M] Multiple exposure

Multiple exposures is done for each pixel during 1/30 seconds, and the they are saved in a frame buffer to be processed to produce wide dynamic range pictures which shows over/under exposed area details. There is a slight difference of the time when these multiple exposures were sampled causing some artifacts for fast moving objects causing blurring. But over all, these artifacts are not very serious when the scene requires a wider dynamic range like an office camera facing the office window, or supermarket entrance door where strong back light is expected during the day time.

24 [S] Shutter

Traditional film cameras have a mechanical shutter. Electronic cameras do not have a mechanical shutter, but it can mimic the effect of the mechanical shutter by reading the pixel signal and then resetting the pixel for the next scene. Typically in IP cameras, a rolling shutter is used which reads and resets each pixel in a very fast serial manner. Thus one image is comprised of pixels sampled from ever so slightly different time. There are some artifacts for very fast moving objects.

23 [A] Aperture

It is the hole on the iris of the lens specified in F stop number of the lens. The bigger the hole is the more light can pass, the lower F number, but the shallower the field of depth. The smaller the hole is the other way around.

22 [E] Exposure

Amount of light given to the camera sensor. the exposure is controlled by the aperture (iris) and the shutter speed. the longer exposure, the more light the sensor can gather. But it has to be less tha 1/30 seconds to produce 30ips images. the longer the exposure, the more likely to have motion blur. automatically controlled by camera, but can be adjusted to go over 1/30 seconds in a low light environment.

21 [K] Keyboard

Often called Joystick. It is a device used to control VMS systems or PTZ cameras. Legacy keyboard most often uses serial communications like RS485 to communicate with different decives. Most IP keyboards use IP communication instead, but often come with RS485 interface as well.

20 [P] PTZ camera

Pan Tilt Zoom camera. Typically, PTZ camera has a zoom/auto focus camera module on a robotic pan/tilt module. Most PTZ camera comes with many independent features such as preset, tour, pattern, panning, homing fuction, and alarm association. But mostly used in conjunction with a VMS system to control the camera in live watch/monitoring mode using a device called Keyboard/Joystick. Legacy PTZ cameras are typically controlled using a vendor specific protocol over serial communication or coaxitron. Most IP PTZ cameras use IP communication instead but often come with RS485 interface as well.

19 [U] UTP cable

Unshielded Twisted Pair cable, braided with other cables. Afforadable compared to Coaxial cables.

18 [1] 12VDC

12V DC power. Check the Amp spec for the device and polarity when connecting the power to the device.