22 [E] Exposure

Amount of light given to the camera sensor. the exposure is controlled by the aperture (iris) and the shutter speed. the longer exposure, the more light the sensor can gather. But it has to be less tha 1/30 seconds to produce 30ips images. the longer the exposure, the more likely to have motion blur. automatically controlled by camera, but can be adjusted to go over 1/30 seconds in a low light environment.

21 [K] Keyboard

Often called Joystick. It is a device used to control VMS systems or PTZ cameras. Legacy keyboard most often uses serial communications like RS485 to communicate with different decives. Most IP keyboards use IP communication instead, but often come with RS485 interface as well.

20 [P] PTZ camera

Pan Tilt Zoom camera. Typically, PTZ camera has a zoom/auto focus camera module on a robotic pan/tilt module. Most PTZ camera comes with many independent features such as preset, tour, pattern, panning, homing fuction, and alarm association. But mostly used in conjunction with a VMS system to control the camera in live watch/monitoring mode using a device called Keyboard/Joystick. Legacy PTZ cameras are typically controlled using a vendor specific protocol over serial communication or coaxitron. Most IP PTZ cameras use IP communication instead but often come with RS485 interface as well.

19 [U] UTP cable

Unshielded Twisted Pair cable, braided with other cables. Afforadable compared to Coaxial cables.

18 [1] 12VDC

12V DC power. Check the Amp spec for the device and polarity when connecting the power to the device.

17 [A] Alarm Out (Relay / TTL)

Open Collector or Relay output. Used as a switch to drive an output with a specified load. Refer to the manual for further details. You can connect a siren, buzzer or magnet actuators, etc.

16 [A] Alarm In (TTL)

Contact alarm like a switch. It is used to connect other sensor devices for bi-state signals, such as Open or Close to map door sensor for example.

15 [R] RS232/485

Serial communication standard. There are many legacy system using RS232/485 communication, such as PTZ cameras. RS232 is bi-directional 1-to1 communication method, while RS485 is bi-directional half duplex 1-to-n communication method. Use 24AWG UTP for RS485 and proper termination is required at the both termination endings or RS485 communication line.

14 [P] PoE

Power over Ethernet. PoE devices like cameras have different classes for different power requirements. During the initial power up, the PoE Hub and the devices negotiates and reserves the power.

13 [C] CAT5/5e/6

Category 5/5e/6 UTP cable, 8 conductor

12 [E] Ethernet

Ethernet is physical/data link in OSI model. It takes are of data link between two end points. There are different physical medium cush as UTP/CAT5 cables, or Coaxial or Fibers or WiFi.

11 [R] RJ-45

8 point 8 conductor connector typically used with CAT5/5e/6 UTP cable. Standard Pin out for Ethernet or PoE is specified in T568A, 802.3af.

10 [B] Back focusing

Only for Box cameras. When cameras are built, they are adjusted to match the lens used in it. While box cameras give you the flexibility to choose different lenses with different focal lengths, it comes at a slightly cumbersome cost, back focusing. A box camera needs to have its back focusing adjusted whenever it is paired with a new lens. You can do this in the lab before installation, or during the installation.

9 [F] Focus

Lens control. Once the field of view is determined for the scene of interest, you need to focus the objects in the scene sharply. Use focus control for this. Make sure that field of depth is related to aperture. When you use auto iris, the installation is done during the day time, when the auto iris is tightly closed, thus giving a deeper field of depth. But during the night time, the auto iris opens up, which narrows the field of view. This results in objects becoming fuzzy and out of focus. Use ND filters during the installation to decrease the amount of light passing through the camera lens, which forces the camera to open up the auto iris, and the depth of field becomes narrow enough to prevent the focus drift during the night or low light condition.

8 [Z] Zoom

Lens control. Zoom controls the viewing angle, or field of view. Wide gives a bigger field of view, but the objects look smaller in the scene. Tele gives the highest zoom, and gives a narrower field of view. But the objects look bigger in the scene.